Be Language Confident! Get Rid of These Common Grammatical Errors Now

Are you afraid to speak English because you aren’t confident about the correct usage grammar?

Here are some tips to fix those common grammatical errors to make you language confident!

1. Me/ Myself/I :

NEVER introduce yourself to someone as “Myself Kiran, BE graduate etc”…

It should always read as “Hello! I am Kiran and I have recently completed my BE degree etc…”

Also, when there are two nouns in a sentence (including you), the second noun should come first.

Incorrect: I and Shobha plan to study together during the holidays.

Correct   : Shobha and I plan to study together during the holidays.

2. Their/ There:

Their – indicates possession owned plural nouns.

Ex:  That is their dog.

There – indicates place.

Ex: We went to the party early and found no one there.

3.Then/ Than:

Then – step by step instructions

Ex : To boil milk, empty the cover into a vessel, then place it on medium heat and switch it off when it begins to boil over.

Than – comparison

Ram is taller than his brother Shyam.

4. Lose vs loose

Lose – indicates a lost possession.

Ex: Don’t wear your gold brooch to the mall; you may lose it there.

Loose – set something free

Ex: there was nobody in the park, so Rohan set his dog loose.

5. Affect vs Effect.

Affect – something that influences from inside.

Ex : The beggar’s tears affected me deeply.

Effect – something external impacting us.

Ex: The downturn of the economy effected many young people looking for jobs.

6. Punctuation marks.

Comma (,): Separates two nouns.

Ex: I have a pen, pencil and an eraser with me.

Full stop (.): marks the end of a sentence.

Ex : She spoke to her friend for an hour.

Semicolon (;) used to connect two independent clauses.

Ex: Here is the breakfast menu; idli, upma and bread toast.

7. This/ that/ these/ those.

This/ These: used for singular/plural nouns which are near us.

Ex: This is my house. These are my children.

That/ Those: used for singular/ plural nouns which are at a distance from us.

Ex: That is my garden. Those are the saplings I planted last week.

8. Subject Verb Agreement  ( SVA rule):

  • This basically means that if the subject (noun) is singular, “s”, “es” should be added to the verb.

    Ex: Ram does (do+es) his homework on time.

         She reads (read +s) the newspaper daily.

  • If the subject (noun) is plural, the base form of the verb should be used.

Ex:  They sing (no change) the song together, so well.

  • The pronouns “I” and “You” are exceptions in English, which always take the base form of the verb.

Ex: I exercise every day.

      You talk to your mother daily.

9. Wrong usage of “and”

And is a conjunction that should be used at the end after mentioning all the other choices.

Ex: She ordered an ice-cream, sandwich, coffee and juice.

10. Correct usage of articles – a, an, the

Articles introduce a noun and MUST be used in the correct scenarios.

  • A- Before nouns starting with consonants

Ex: She has a red colored bag with her.

  • An – before nouns starting with vowels.

Ex:  Rita ate an ice- cream.

  • The- used before unique and specific nouns.

Ex:  He wanted to climb the Mount Everest.

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